Mechanical engineers (NOC 2132)

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Changes have been made to the method for estimating job prospects per occupation. To better reflect the reality of the job market and the new method of estimation, the prospect diagnostics have been modified. Thus, the possible diagnostics are now excellent, good, limited and not published. For more information about the meaning of each diagnostic, see the glossary.

Nature of work

Mechanical engineers research, design and develop machinery and systems for heating, ventilating and air conditioning, power generation, transportation, processing and manufacturing. They also perform duties related to the evaluation, installation, operation and maintenance of mechanical systems. Mechanical engineers are employed by consulting firms, by power-generating utilities and in a wide range of manufacturing, processing and transportation industries, or they may be self-employed.

Main duties

  • Mechanical engineers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • - Conduct research into the feasibility, design, operation and performance of mechanisms, components and systems
  • - Plan and manage projects, and prepare material, cost and timing estimates, reports and design specifications for machinery and systems
  • - Design power plants, machines, components, tools, fixtures and equipment
  • - Continued…
  • - Analyze dynamics and vibrations of mechanical systems and structures
  • - Supervise and inspect the installation, modification and commissioning of mechanical systems at construction sites or in industrial facilities
  • - Develop maintenance standards, schedules and programs and provide guidance to industrial maintenance crews
  • - Investigate mechanical failures or unexpected maintenance problems
  • - Prepare contract documents and evaluate tenders for industrial construction or maintenance
  • - Supervise technicians, technologists and other engineers and review and approve designs, calculations and cost estimates.

Employment requirements

  • * A bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering or in a related engineering discipline is required.
  • * A master's degree or doctorate in a related engineering discipline may be required.
  • * Licensing by a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers is required to approve engineering drawings and reports and to practise as a Professional Engineer (P.Eng.).
  • * Engineers are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program, and after three or four years of supervised work experience in engineering and passing a professional practice examination.

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