Biological technologists and technicians (NOC 2221)

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Changes have been made to the method for estimating job prospects per occupation. To better reflect the reality of the job market and the new method of estimation, the prospect diagnostics have been modified. Thus, the possible diagnostics are now excellent, good, limited and not published. For more information about the meaning of each diagnostic, see the glossary.
Estimated hourly wage
in Québec (2016-2018)
Minimum 16.40$
Median 24.04$
Maximum 35.90$
Job prospect
(2017-2021)
Employment in 2016
2,500
Skill level
Technical (usually a college or secondary school vocational diploma)

Nature of work

Biological technologists and technicians provide technical support and services to scientists, engineers and other professionals working in fields such as agriculture, resource management, environmental protection, plant and animal biology, microbiology, cell and molecular biology and health sciences, or may work independently in these fields. They are employed in both laboratory and field settings by governments, manufacturers of food products, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, biotechnology companies, health, research and educational institutions, environmental consulting companies, and resource and utilities companies.

Main duties

  • Biological technologists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • - Set up and conduct biological, microbiological and biochemical tests and laboratory analyses in support of research and quality control in food production, sanitation, pharmaceutical production, biotechnology and other fields
  • - Apply methods and techniques such as microscopy, histochemistry, chromatography, electrophoresis and spectroscopy
  • - Perform experimental procedures in agriculture, plant breeding, animal husbandry, biology and biomedical research
  • - Continued…
  • - Conduct field research and surveys to collect data and samples of water, soil, and plant and animal populations
  • - Conduct environmental monitoring and compliance activities for the protection of fisheries stock, wildlife and other natural resources
  • - Analyze data and prepare reports
  • - Conduct or supervise operational programs such as fish hatchery, greenhouse and livestock production programs.
  • Biological technicians perform some or all of the following duties:
  • - Assist in conducting biological, microbiological and biochemical tests and laboratory analyses
  • - Perform limited range of technical functions in support of agriculture, plant breeding, animal husbandry, biology, biomedical research and environmental protection
  • - Assist in conducting field research and surveys to collect data and samples of water, soil, and plant and animal populations
  • - Assist in analysis of data and preparation of reports.

Employment requirements

  • * Completion of a two- to three-year college program in a field related to agriculture, biology, microbiology, wildlife or resource management is usually required for employment as a biological technologist.
  • * Completion of a one- to two-year college program in a related field is required for employment as a biological technician.
  • * Certification with provincial associations is available, but voluntary.

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Information on the occupation