Optometrists (NOC 3121)

View all job titles

Please read this note before you continue

Hide note
Changes have been made to the method for estimating job prospects per occupation. To better reflect the reality of the job market and the new method of estimation, the prospect diagnostics have been modified. Thus, the possible diagnostics are now excellent, good, limited and not published. For more information about the meaning of each diagnostic, see the glossary.
Estimated hourly wage
in Québec (2016-2018)
Minimum Not published
Median Not published
Maximum Not published
Job prospect
(2017-2021)
Employment in 2016
1,500
Skill level
Professional (usually a university degree)

Nature of work

Optometrists examine eyes and diagnose ocular diseases and disorders. They prescribe and fit eyeglasses and contact lenses and recommend treatments such as exercises to correct vision problems or ocular disorders. They work in private practice, clinics and community health centres.

Main duties

  • Optometrists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • - Examine patients' eyes, conduct tests and use ophthalmoscopes, biomicroscopes and other specialized instruments to determine ocular health and visual efficiency
  • - Prescribe treatment (excluding surgery) to maintain, improve and correct vision and manage other ocular disorders
  • - Prescribe and fit eyeglasses and contact lenses
  • - Continued…
  • - Educate and advise patients on contact lens use and care, ocular hygiene, preventive care and maintenance, lighting arrangements, working distances and other safety factors
  • - Refer patients to ophthalmologists or other physicians and surgeons for treatment of ocular or other diseases or conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma and macular degeneration.
  • * Optometrists may specialize in fitting visual aids for people who are partially blind, fitting contact lenses or correcting special vision problems.

Employment requirements

  • * Three years of university undergraduate studies in mathematics and sciences and A four-year university program in optometry are required.
  • * Licensing by the provincial or territorial regulatory governing body is required.

For full information about this occupation, click the links on the left under

Information on the occupation