University professors and lecturers (NOC 4011)

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The 2019-2023 job prospects by occupation have been revised to take the COVID-19 health crisis into account. For more information about the meaning of each diagnostic, see the glossary.

Nature of work

University professors and lecturers teach courses to undergraduate and graduate students and conduct research at universities. University professors who are heads of departments are included in this unit group.

Main duties

  • University professors and lecturers perform some or all of the following duties:
  • - Teach one or more university subjects to undergraduate and graduate students
  • - Prepare and deliver lectures to students and conduct laboratory sessions or discussion groups
  • - Prepare, administer and grade examinations, laboratory assignments and reports
  • - Continued…
  • - Advise students on course and academic matters and career decisions
  • - Direct research programs of graduate students and advise on research matters
  • - Conduct research in field of specialization and publish findings in scholarly journals or books
  • - May serve on faculty committees dealing with such matters as curriculum planning and degree requirements, and perform a variety of administrative duties
  • - May represent their universities as speakers and guest lecturers
  • - May provide professional consultative services to government, industry and private individuals.
  • * University professors and lecturers specialize in a particular subject matter such as biology, chemistry, anatomy, sociology, business administration or law.

Employment requirements

  • * A doctoral degree in the field of specialization is required for university professors.
  • * A master's degree in the field of specialization is required for university lecturers.
  • * Licences or professional certification may be required for professors teaching future practitioners in certain professionally regulated fields, such as medicine, engineering, architecture, psychology or law.

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