Audiologists and speech-language pathologists (NOC 3141)

View all job titles

Please read this note before you continue

Hide note
The 2019-2023 job prospects by occupation have been revised to take the COVID-19 health crisis into account. For more information about the meaning of each diagnostic, see the glossary.

Nature of work

Audiologists diagnose, evaluate and treat individuals with peripheral and central hearing loss, tinnitus and balance problems. Speech-language pathologists diagnose, assess and treat human communication disorders including speech, fluency, language, voice and swallowing disorders. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists are employed in hospitals, community and public health centres, extended care facilities, day clinics, rehabilitation centres and educational institutions, or may work in private practice. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists who are supervisors are included in this unit group.

Main duties

  • Audiologists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • - Develop and administer audiometric tests and examinations using specialized instruments and electronic equipment to diagnose and evaluate the degree and type of patients' hearing impairment
  • - Plan and implement habilitation/rehabilitation programs for patients, including selection, fitting and adjustment of amplification devices, such as hearing aids, and teaching speech (lip) reading
  • - Provide information to patients and families regarding the nature, extent, impact and implications of hearing loss and treatment
  • - Continued…
  • - Establish personalized care plans working as a member of an interdisciplinary team
  • - Conduct research related to hearing and hearing disorders
  • - May instruct and supervise audiometric technicians, students and other health care personnel.
  • Speech-language pathologists perform some or all of the following duties:
  • - Administer tests and examinations and observe patients to diagnose and evaluate speech, voice, resonance, language, cognitive-linguistic and swallowing disorders
  • - Develop, plan and implement remedial programs to correct speech, voice, language, resonance, cognitive-linguistic and swallowing disorders
  • - Establish group and personalized care plans working as a member of an interdisciplinary team
  • - Provide advice and educational services to patients and families regarding communication and swallowing disorders
  • - Conduct research on speech and other communication disorders and on the development and design of diagnostic procedures and devices
  • - May instruct and supervise communicative disorders assistants, students and other health care personnel.

Employment requirements

  • * Audiologists require a master's degree in audiology.
  • * Speech-language pathologists require a master's degree in speech-language pathology.
  • * Registration with a regulatory body is required for audiologists and speech-language pathologists in New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.
  • * Membership in the national association, Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists, is usually required.
  • * In some jurisdictions, audiologists may be required to obtain a separate licence to dispense hearing aids.

For full information about this occupation, click the links on the left under

Information on the occupation