Statistical operation consisting of counting or measuring the sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the population at a given time.
In Canada, the census is the primary source of information and is conducted every five years.

Census metropolitan area

Urban area with over 100,000 inhabitants made up of municipalities presenting a very high degree of economic and social integration.
Census metropolitan areas in Québec include Saguenay, Québec City, Montréal, Ottawa-Gatineau, Trois-Rivières, and Sherbrooke.

Certificate of study

Official recognition, by way of a diploma, that a student has successfully completed a study program.

College training

All college-level programs leading to a preuniversity diploma of collegial studies or a technical diploma of collegial studies, which generally leads to entry into the job market.


Daily travel by workers between their place of residence and place of work.

Occupations for which there is significant commuting have been identified only for the regions in the Montréal census metropolitan area (Montréal, Laval, a portion of the Montérégie region, a portion of the Laurentides region and a portion of the Lanaudière region). Commuting has not been assessed for residents who work elsewhere in Québec, those who work outside Québec or those having no fixed workplace address.

An occupation is considered to involve significant commuting if at least 50% of the persons who carry out the occupation and reside in one region work in another region of the census metropolitan area (including the portions of the Montérégie, Lanaudière and Laurentides regions that are outside of the census metropolitan area).

If an occupation you consult is considered to involve significant commuting, it is advisable to verify the job prospects for the occupation in other regions of the census metropolitan area, namely Montréal, and in the census metropolitan area as a whole.