Recruiting difficulties

Situation where, for a given period, employer labor demand is greater than the number of workers available to work at market income rates and conditions.

Red seal

Canada-wide program under which workers in over 40 trades can have the qualifications they have acquired through on-the-job and vocational training recognized all across the country.

Regulated trade

Québec regulates certain trades in order to ensure the safety of workers and the public. To practise a regulated trade, a person has to hold a certificate of qualification. Work carried out using dangerous equipment or hazardous materials can endanger public and worker safety.

By ensuring that the people who perform this type of work are qualified, we can avoid accidents.

Section 30 of the Act respecting workforce vocational training and qualification therefore stipulates that:

  • Workers have to obtain the required certificates of qualification to perform certain regulated work.
  • Employers have to make sure that their personnel hold the certificates of qualification required by regulation.

Relance Survey of Graduates

Survey conducted by the Ministère de l'Éducation, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche and often called Relance that is designed to identify the employment status of graduates approximately nine months after graduation for graduates of vocational and technical programs, and approximately twenty months after graduation for university graduates.
A Relance Survey is conducted annually for vocational and technical graduates and every two years for university graduates.
For further details about this survey, visit the Web site of the Ministère de l'Éducation, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche at

Response rate (Relance)

In the Relance Survey of Graduates, the percentage of persons targeted by the survey who answered the questionnaire.