An occupation is described as being seasonal if there is a significant variation in employment depending on the season. This means that the likelihood of persons who carry out this occupation being unemployed at a specific time every year is high.

Seasonality is determined on the basis of employment insurance data for beneficiaries who carry out the occupation in question.

For some occupational groups, no analysis of seasonality is presented due to the small number of jobs.

Secondary school and college programs

Training programs leading to a Diploma of Vocational Studies (DVS), Attestation of Vocational Specialization (AVS) or Diploma of Collegial Studies (DCS).


See Sector of activity

Sector of activity

All businesses that use similar production processes. The sectors of activity are classified according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
The "Find out about a sector of activity" section of LMI Online contains 41 activity sector groupings defined by Emploi-Québec based on NAICS.
In the "Find a business" section of LMI Online, only the main sector of activity is indicated, that is, the one that corresponds to the production of goods or services that generates the most income for that business.
Also see NAICS

Sector title

A way to distinguish sectors.

The sector titles used in LMI Online have been drawn from the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) by Statistics Canada.

Each of the sector titles is associated with one of LMI Online’s 41 sectors of activity.

See also Sector of activity

Sectoral labor committee

Nonprofit organization made up of business, union, employee, government and professional associations whose main role is to foster lifelong learning and sound management of human resources, implement employment stabilization measures, reduce unemployment, and ensure the flow of information.

Skill level

Defined generally as the amount and type of education and training required to enter and perform the duties of an occupation.

To determine skill level, the experience required for entry into an occupation and the complexity and responsibilities typical of the occupation are also considered in relation to other occupations. Four skill level categories are identified in the NOC. Management occupations are included in the Professional skill level. For each skill level, the following education or training is usually required:


  • University degree (Bachelor’s or Master’s or doctorate)


  • 2–3 years of postsecondary education at a community college, institute of technology or Cégep
  • or 2–5 years of apprenticeship training
  • or 3–4 years of secondary school and more than 2 years of on-the-job training, occupation-specific training courses, or specific work experience


  • 1–4 years of secondary school education
  • or up to 2 years of on-the-job training, training courses, or specific work experience


  • Short work demonstration or on-the-job-training
  • or no formal educational requirements

Skills Training Certificate (STC)

Qualification attesting to successful completion of a short training program (minimum of 240 hours and maximum of 720 hours) leading to a trade or a specialization.
Skills Training Certificates are issued by a Québec school board.

Skill type

Skill type is defined as the type of work performed, but also the field of study or work experience usually required for entry into the occupation.

The skill type corresponds to the first digit of the NOC four-digit code. The NOC skill types are the following:

0. Management occupations

This category contains legislators, senior management occupations and middle and other management occupations. These occupations span all skill type categories.

1. Business, finance and administration occupations

This category contains occupations that are concerned with providing financial and business services, administrative and regulatory services and clerical supervision and support services. Some occupations in this category are unique to the financial and business service sectors. However, most are found in all industries.

2. Natural and applied sciences and related occupations

This category contains professional and technical occupations in the sciences, including physical and life sciences, engineering, architecture and information technology.

3. Health Occupations

This category includes occupations concerned with providing health care services directly to patients and occupations that provide support to professional and technical health care staff.

4. Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services

This category includes occupations that are concerned with teaching, law, social and community services, social sciences, occupations in public administration including front line public protection services, developing government policy, and administering government and other programs.

5. Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport

This category includes professional and technical occupations related to art and culture, including the performing arts, film and video, broadcasting, journalism, writing, creative design, libraries and museums. It also includes occupations in recreation and sport.

6. Sales and service occupations

This category contains sales occupations, personal and protective service occupations and occupations related to the hospitality and tourism industries.

7. Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations

This category includes construction and mechanical trades, trades supervisors and contractors and operators of transportation and heavy equipment. These occupations are found in a wide range of industrial sectors, with many occurring in the construction and transportation industries.

This category includes most of the apprenticeable trades, including all of those related to the construction industry. Other occupations in this category usually require completion of college or other programs combined with on-the-job training. Progression to supervisory or self-employed contractor status is possible with experience. There is limited mobility or transferability of skills among occupations in this category due to specific apprenticeship, training and licensing requirements for most occupations.

8. Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations

This category contains supervisory and equipment operation occupations in the natural resource based sectors of mining, oil and gas production, forestry and logging, agriculture, horticulture and fishing. Most occupations in this category are industry specific and do not occur outside of the primary industries.

9. Occupations in manufacturing and utilities

This category contains supervisory and production occupations in manufacturing, processing and utilities.